Author: Abdalla Hussein Omer; Peace Advisor for the Towards Enduring Peace in Sudan (TEPS); SKS Program Director
South Kordofan is a state in Sudan that has been affected by decades of conflict. The main conflict actors are the Sudanese government and the SPLM-North, a rebel group that represents the Nuba people. The state experienced some peace after the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), but violence resumed in 2011 over disputed elections. In 2016, a ceasefire was signed, but it did not lead to a lasting peace agreement. In 2023, the state became a battleground again, as the SPLM-North fought against the two rival factions in the conflict, the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) and the Rapid Support Forces (RSF). The SPLM-North claimed to defend civilians from the atrocities committed by the RSF in Darfur and other regions. The state witnessed several attacks and clashes, especially in the border areas and the eastern region.
The state urgently needs humanitarian intervention and political dialogue to address its multiple crises and prevent further deterioration. The international community should increase its support for the state’s humanitarian needs.
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