This working paper explores the role of 1.5 and second-generation diaspora in humanitarian responses to crises in Haiti, Sudan, and Syria. These three countries have experienced prolonged and complex emergencies due to natural and man-made factors, and their respective diaspora communities have been actively involved in various forms of assistance and advocacy.
1.5 and second-generation diaspora are often ignored by the research literature, policy, and media despite their active involvement in various forms of humanitarian action. This paper compares the similarities and differences between first-generation migrants and 1.5 and second-generation diaspora regarding their motivations, strategies, and challenges in responding to humanitarian crises in Haiti, Sudan, and Syria. The paper also examines how social media and universities play a significant role in facilitating the engagement of 1.5 and second-generation diaspora––with their unique perspective and potential contributions––in humanitarian activities. This paper argues that their voices and experiences should be recognised and supported.
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